March 19, 2013

City of the Big Shoulders, Part II

Cities: Episode #6

As the face of Chicago changed during industrialization, so too did its workforce. The city became a bustling metropolis, but at what cost? Dangerous working conditions prompted the rise of organized labor and a progressive movement, championed by social reformers like Jane Addams and Florence Kelley. In the second part of our look at turn of the century Chicago, Margaret Garb, associate professor of history at Washington University in St. Louis, examines the social and political movements that took place in reaction to the rapid industrialization of the city.

Exterior view of Hull-House in 1910. Jane Addams, with Ellen Gates Starr, founded Hull-House in 1889. The settlement house provided services for neighborhood residents, including a kindergarten and day care facilities, an employment bureau, an art gallery, libraries, and English and citizenship classes.

 

IMage DN-0056252, Chicago Daily News negatives collection, Courtesy of the Chicago History Museum. audio free music archive: broke for free.